Brother SE 1900 embroidery machine common problems & solutions


The Brother SE1900 embroidery machine is a versatile and popular choice among embroidery enthusiasts and professionals. With its wide range of features and capabilities, it can create stunning machine embroidery designs with ease. However, like any machine, the SE1900 is not immune to occasional issues that may disrupt your embroidery projects. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore some common problems that users encounter with the Brother SE1900 embroidery machine and provide practical solutions to help you overcome these challenges. Whether you run an embroidey digitizing company or use the machine for personal projects, this information will prove invaluable.

1. Thread Breakage

Problem: One of the most frustrating issues in machine embroidery is thread breakage. This problem can result in messy, incomplete designs and wasted materials.


  1. Check Thread Quality: Ensure that you are using high-quality embroidery threads specifically designed for machine embroidery. Cheap or old threads can lead to breakage.
  2. Bobbin Tension: Adjust the bobbin tension to match the top thread’s tension. You may need to experiment with tension settings to find the right balance.
  3. Clean the Machine: Dust and lint can accumulate in the machine over time, causing thread breakage. Regularly clean the thread path and tension disks to prevent this.
  4. Needle Selection: Make sure you are using the correct needle size and type for your fabric and design. A dull or damaged needle can cause thread breakage.

2. Thread Birdnesting

Problem: Thread birdnesting occurs when threads become tangled beneath the fabric, creating a mess and ruining your design.


  1. Thread Path Inspection: Double-check the thread path, ensuring that the thread passes through all the guides and tension disks correctly.
  2. Bobbin Winding: Ensure that the bobbin is wound evenly and smoothly. Uneven winding can lead to birdnesting.
  3. Bobbin Case Placement: Ensure the bobbin case is properly inserted and seated in its place. It should rotate smoothly without any resistance.
  4. Stabilizer Use: Use the appropriate stabilizer for your fabric. Proper stabilization can prevent birdnesting by providing stability to the fabric.

3. Skipped Stitches

Problem: Skipped stitches can result in incomplete designs and a patchy appearance.


  1. Needle Inspection: Inspect the needle for damage or dullness. Replace it if necessary, and ensure you are using the correct needle type for your fabric.
  2. Thread Tension: Adjust the thread tension. If the tension is too tight, it can cause skipped stitches. Experiment with tension settings until you find the right balance.
  3. Hooping: Ensure the fabric is hooped tightly and securely. Loose fabric can lead to skipped stitches.
  4. Design Complexity: Highly intricate or dense designs may require slower embroidery speeds to prevent skipped stitches. Adjust the machine’s speed accordingly.

4. Thread Trimming Issues

Problem: The machine may have difficulties trimming the thread after completing a design, leaving loose threads on the fabric.


  1. Thread Cutter Inspection: Check the thread cutter for any obstructions or thread buildup. Clean it thoroughly and make sure it moves freely.
  2. Thread Quality: Ensure you are using good-quality embroidery thread. Cheap or low-quality threads can be more challenging to trim cleanly.
  3. Thread Length: Adjust the thread length settings in the machine’s menu to ensure it trims the threads at the desired length.
  4. Thread Tension: Check the thread tension and adjust it if necessary. Incorrect tension can affect the trimming process.

5. Embroidery Design Alignment Issues

Problem: Designs may not align correctly, resulting in overlapping or gapped stitches.


  1. Design Centering: Make sure the design is centered properly in the hoop before starting. Use the machine’s built-in alignment tools to assist with centering.
  2. Hoop Stabilization: Ensure the fabric is hooped evenly and securely. Any misalignment in the fabric can affect design placement.
  3. Stitch Density: Some designs may have a higher stitch density, making them more prone to alignment issues. Consider resizing the design or using a different one if alignment problems persist.
  4. Software Check: If you are using machine embroidery designs created by an embroidery digitizing company, double-check the design file for any errors or alignment issues before embroidering.

6. Bobbin Thread Showing on Top

Problem: Bobbin thread is visible on the top side of the embroidery, detracting from the design’s quality.


  1. Bobbin Tension: Adjust the bobbin tension to match the top thread’s tension. Proper tension balance is essential for clean embroidery.
  2. Thread Quality: Ensure that you are using high-quality bobbin thread. Low-quality thread can lead to more visible bobbin thread.
  3. Thread Path Inspection: Check the thread path for any snags or obstructions that may be pulling the bobbin thread to the top.
  4. Bobbin Case Adjustment: If the issue persists, you may need to adjust the bobbin case’s position slightly to fine-tune the tension balance.

7. Fabric Puckering

Problem: Fabric puckering occurs when the fabric wrinkles or distorts during embroidery, affecting the final result.


  1. Stabilizer Choice: Use the appropriate stabilizer for your fabric type. The stabilizer helps prevent fabric puckering by providing support.
  2. Tension Adjustment: Adjust the thread tension to ensure it is not too tight, which can lead to fabric puckering. Experiment with tension settings for optimal results.
  3. Hooping Technique: Hoop the fabric securely but not too tightly. Overly tight hooping can cause fabric distortion.
  4. Design Density: Highly dense designs may be more likely to cause puckering. Consider using less dense designs or resizing them for a better outcome.


The Brother SE1900 embroidery machine is a fantastic tool for creating intricate and beautiful machine embroidery designs. However, like any machine, it can encounter common problems that can be frustrating for users. By following the solutions provided in this guide, you can troubleshoot and resolve these issues efficiently.

Whether you are running an embroidery digitizing company or pursuing machine embroidery as a hobby, understanding how to address these common problems will help you achieve consistent and high-quality results. Remember to keep your machine well-maintained, use quality materials, and follow best practices for hooping and stabilizing your fabric. With the right approach, you can create stunning embroidered creations with ease using the Brother SE1900 embroidery machine.

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